Traditional exhibition of large-flowered irises
Irises are very well know perennial, which form a relatively large group of species with a large number of cultivars. The Latin word iris means rainbow. The rainbow has, as is well known, sever colors. The breeders have cheated it a bit and we don’t know the exact red in the irises yet. Breeders work on other types in Germany, USA, but also in our country, in Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, but also in other countries.
Origin and Pests
They are plants of Southern Europe and as such they like permeable soil, sunny habitats and rather drought. We will water them only shortly after transplanting and otherwise we would rather not, because we would only support the development of fungal diseases, which we will enjoy in the bred forms in the cold and wet years. Otherwise, we are mainly bothered by the pegomya, which lays its eggs and buds. The larvae eat the flowers at a time when the buds are beginning to color and deprive us of the beauty of the flowers, for which irises are sometimes called orchids of the north.
You will see
There are more than 300 cultivars of the collections of our garden. They are divided according to colors and types and in individual groups you will also find according to the historical date of breeding. So you can see for yourself how the development of breeding progressed.
In the flowerbeds we can admire both new cultivars and old, but still good and durable, which can still be seen in home gardens. Every year, the best cultivar receives the Mr. Dykes Medal, who was an American breeder who dedicated his life to these perennials. Many cultivars grown in our country are among these award-winning plants.
In addition to the already established varieties, you will also find new breeders from us, from Poland and Slovakia.